Pakistan-Afghanistan Update: Final Afghan Election Results Announced, Run-Off Set for Mid-June; Border Guards Trade Fire


  • Afghan Independent Election Commission authorities announced the final results of the April 5 vote on Thursday, which were essentially unchanged from previously announced preliminary results; a run-off election between Abdullah Abdullah and Ashraf Ghani has been set for June 14. Afghan and Pakistani border guards exchanged fire along the Kandahar border on Thursday, leaving one Afghan officer dead. Lashkar-e-Islam forces displaced from Khyber are clashing with local Afghan Taliban in Nangarhar, displacing residents. Federal Investigation Agency officials submitted their report against former Pres. Musharraf in the treason case pending against him on Wednesday, which found Musharraf solely responsible for the 2007 emergency order suspending the constitution. The Supreme Court of Pakistan is considering whether serving military officers can be tried in civilian criminal court, in connection to missing person cases last year. Prime Minister Sharif has ordered travelers from the FATA to other parts of Pakistan to show proof of polio vaccination; the 62nd case so far this year was reported on Thursday in Khyber.

Pakistan — Security

  • Karachi Security: During meetings in Karachi with senior political and military leaders on Wednesday, Prime Minister Sharif approved a “third and final phase” of the ongoing police and paramilitary Rangers crackdown in the city. Despite discussions on the issue, the army will not be deployed in the operation, officials decided.
  • Missing Persons: A Supreme Court bench headed by Judge Jawwad Khawaja is taking up a suo moto case considering whether military officers can be tried in civilian criminal courts, following the Khyber Paktunkhwa government’s decision to shift prosecution of army officers linked to the extrajudicial detention of 35 prisoners from the Malakand Detention Center last year to an military court. [Dawn] [ET]

Pakistan — Politics and Diplomacy

  • Musharraf Trial: In a report filed with the special court hearing treason charges against former Pres. Musharraf on Wednesday, the Federal Investigation Agency offered “irrefutable proof” that Musharraf acted illegally and without consulting legal authorities when he imposed emergency rule in November 2007. Most senior level officials during the government at the time, who Musharraf had said he consulted, are not quoted. [ET] [ET]

Pakistan — Economics and Development

  • Polio Crisis: On Thursday, Prime Minister Sharif issued an order requiring all travelers from FATA to other provinces to provide proof of vaccination. Another polio cases was reported in Khyber Agency on Thursday, the 62nd so far this year. The Punjab provincial government will waive normal procurement rules in order to quickly acquire additional stocks of polio vaccination to meet the new need to vaccinate international travelers.
  • Energy Crisis: A group of PTI party activists who were challenging cases of electricity theft filed against them clashed with WAPDA officials in Bannu on Thursday, leaving one dead and five injured. Senate opposition members, led by the MQM, held walkout protests on Wednesday over the disconnection of power services to Hyderabad over the provincial government’s failure to pay its bills. [ET] [ET]

Pakistan — Remainders

  • Indian Journalists Expelled for ‘Unfriendly Activities’ [ET]
  • Supreme Court Lifts Ban on Shifting Funds [ET] [The Nation]
  • Supreme Court Reinstates PTI Parliamentarian [Dawn] [ET]
  • Two Killed in Khuzdar Shooting [Dawn]
  • National Assembly Passes Resolution Seeking Protection of Religious Minority Worship Sites [ET]
  • Budget Planning Underway [The Nation]
  • Report Estimates Nearly Three Quarters of a Million People Displaced in Pakistan [ET]
  • Donor Agencies Seek Gas Market Liberalization [ET]
  • Commentary: Pakistan in the Middle – “Pakistan is unlikely to abandon a decades-old policy of balancing Saudi Arabia and Iran that would leave it — in addition to its two already contentious neighbors — with an unfriendly, potentially nuclear Iran.” [Marvin Weinbaum, South Asia Channel]

Afghanistan — Security

  • Border Clashes: Afghan and Pakistani border guards exchanged fire across the border at Kandahar’s Maroof district on Thursday, sparked by what Afghan provincial officials say was a Pakistani attempt to construct an outpost on the Afghan side of the border. One Afghan police officer was killed in the incident. Pakistani officials say Afghan forces fired first, and that the outpost remains on their side of the border. [RFE/RL]
  • Taliban Clashes: The Pakistani militant faction Lashkar-e-Islam is reportedly clashing with Afghan Taliban forces in Nangarhar’s border district of Naziyan, displacing more than 1,500 families as of late April, after Lashkar leaders fled Pakistani military offensives in Khyber last fall.

Afghanistan — Politics and Diplomacy

  • Election Results Released, Runoff Set: On Thursday, the Independent Election Commission released its final tally of results from the April 5 vote, following the Electoral Complaints Commission’s review of challenges and complaints. Abdullah Abdullah received 45% of the total, Ashraf Ghani 31.6%, and Zalmay Rassoul, who has since endorsed Abdullah’s candidacy, 11.2%, shares effectively unchanged from the preliminary results previously announced. IEC officials said that they would hold a run-off election on June 14, with results to be announced June 22. [BBC] [Khaama Press]

Afghanistan — Remainders

  • Kabul Police Push Ahead with Tinted Window Ban [TOLO]

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